pepper yield per acre in tamilnadu

By  

Introduction to Polyhouse... Tractor Subsidy, Loan, Eligibility, Schemes, Application Process in India. Yields as high as 2,000 to 3,000 pounds per acre (2,300 to 3,400 kilograms per hectare) can be grown, compared to 450 to 900 pounds per acre (500 to 1,000 kilograms per hectare) by traditional methods. Dragon fruit belongs to the Cactaceae family and genus Hylocereus. Kala Amritsari: Flea-beetle and scale insects are controlled by spraying Dimecron 85EC 10 ml in 1 L of water at an interval of 10-12 days. What is... Teak Wood Farming - A Step by Step Guide By applying 10 – 15 kg of fresh Gliricidia leaves and tender branches as a mulch, at four times per year per vine can reduce the synthetic fertilizer dosage by 50 %. What is meant... FAQ’s on Dates Farming / Frequently Asked Questions About Dates Farming: Today, we are learning "Post Harvest Techniques" of agriculture crops. If you are planning for commercial teak plantation, you must be... A step by step guide for Most profitable crops Cost and Profit Analysis of Paddy  Cultivation / Rice Farming Project Report: Monocropping can work well in areas with a cool climate. Profit = Income – costs involved = Rs.2,40,000 – Rs.75,000 = Rs. Black pepper is commonly propagated through vegetative propagation i.e., stem cuttings. Fish Farming FAQ/Frequently Asked Questions. The following information is all about Growing Banana In Containers. * Yields vary depending on soil quality, weather conditions, farm management, location, etc. Introduction It also... Introduction to Organic Coconut Farming Because pepper is a climbing vine, provision must be made for supports. You may also like the Cumin Cultivation Income, Project Report. Pepper thrives in climates with growing season temperatures in the range of 18 to 27°C during the day and 15 to 18° C during the night. Irrigation should be given once in two weeks during winter and once in 2 days in summer, during the rainy season it is better to stop irrigation. Fish farming FAQ # 1: How do... FAQ’s on Irrigation / Frequently Asked Questions About Irrigation: The overall yield for 8 years per acre is 3000 Kg depending upon the variety chosen by the farmer. The drumstick... Government Schemes for Goat Farming In India: MURREL FISH FARMING PROJECT REPORT - INTRODUCTION TO MURREL FISH: Marketable yields were not significantly different for the three highest plant populations of 29040, 14520, and 9680 plants per acre. Sawdust mulch is assumed to be applied during the year of planting, then in the first fruiting year and ev-ery other year after that. well, we are here with good agri apps.... Cleft Grafting Subhakara: It yields around 1070 Kg per acre and has a dry recovery of 35%. N:P:K ratio should be 0.5:1:0.5 Kg per acre, and should be applied in August. FYM 10 Kg should be applied equally to each plant in May. Here is the step by step guide for tomato profit per... Techniques of Potato Farming, Planting Methods, Harvesting The leaves are broad and are arranged alternately and give a busy appearance as it covers the whole vines. The farm gate price of 5,000 Kg of Black pepper is 3000×80=Rs. The mean yield of pepper was 636 kgs and 560 kgs per acre for small and large farms respectively and did not differ significantly. The yield of dry Chillies of the rainfed crop is 200 – 400 kg and that of the irrigated crop is 600 – 1000 kg per acre. Black pepper harvesting is a bit labor intensive as it should be carried out by hand-picking method. Pepper plants react very well to organic fertilisation. Well, then you should be aware of Diseases in Cattles. With minimal capital, you can simply... Post Harvest Techniques and Process Well, it is nothing but a bio-fertilizer or organic growth stimulant... Commercial  Plum varieties with yield info in India are listed below: Black pepper farming requires the following manures and fertilizers–. Introduction: Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. College Station, The following details are about Vertical Hydroponic Farming or Vertical Soilless Farming. Introduction to Panchagavya –An Organic Fertilizer:- What is Panchagavya? Many people are requesting Frequently Asked Questions About Gardening (FAQs), so here are those. A distance of 3-5m should be maintained between the crops as it shows bushy nature. 2,40,000 for the 8 years and the price may vary depending upon the demand in the markets and also based on the variety chosen. Dairy Project Report: Introduction: In India, pepper is grown in Karnataka, Pondicherry, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Konkan. Dragon fruit is getting tremendous popularity among growers because... Mango Tree Grafting, Pruning, and Training Techniques- A Beginner Guide: The ideal temperature for the successful growth and yield of pepper ranges from 10°C-40°C based on the variety chosen by the farmer. At the yield of 1.0 kg per plant , an acre of hybrid chillies like NS-1701 and US 611 and US612 produce around 12,000 kgs of green chillies ... Government of Tamilnadu. Well readers the following topic is about lemon cultivation income and cultivation cost and yeidld... Brinjal farming cost, profits for 1 acre cultivation: The losses... Agriculture Software / Farming Software High nutrient demand. Diseases such as slow wilt and quick wilt are controlled by drenching the soil with 10 L of Ceresan in 1 L of water and spraying Blue Copper 30 ml in 20 L of water at an interval of 10-12 days respectively. The yield varies according to the system of cultivation. Be careful to over-water them as this causes any numbe The fruit is a single-seeded berry and it takes 6 months to mature after flowering. The following article is about " Sapota Farming (Chikoo)" or "How to grow Chikoo Fruit". Paniyur-4: It yields on an average of 550 Kg per acre, but is stable in its yield and can perform well under any adverse conditions. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM FARMING PROJECT REPORT: What are plant diseases... FAQ’s on Growing Carrots / Frequently Asked Questions About Carrot Farming: Sreekara: It yields around 950 Kg per acre and is tolerant to drought conditions. Soil Types and Suitable Crops in India: Hence the profit is Rs. Amaranth leaves or... Introduction: Hello polyhouse farmers, Cluster bean farming in polyhouse is as easy as  growing any other green vegetables in controlled climate. On average it yields 500 Kg per acre in the first year and later the gets increased and stabilized till 8th year and yields about 1000 to 1500kg per acre. Drip and sprinkler irrigation have helped minimise water loss and increased the yield per acre. Bio fencings are lines of trees planted on-farm and field boundaries that give protection against cattle and wildlife,... Introduction to Date palm seed germination: Date or date palm is a plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae and grown for its sweet... A step by step guide for Amla farming techniques, tips, and ideas ‘Vivaldi’ bell pepper. well, here is the complete guide to Cardamom cultivation income, yield and project... MURREL FISH FARMING PROJECT REPORT So, the worried lot are only the buyers at present. Fertilisation. Sapota fruit is a... Vertical Gardening Ideas for Beginners: I have subscribed to Agri farming but do not update from the news letter. Rabbit farming is commonly referred to as cuniculture and it is low-cost farming and has alternative breeding methods. Production increased 7 percent in 2007 while value per bushel decreased 8.2 percent. You need to have the perfect sandy loam soil and the perfect weather conditions of about 20 to 30°C. Introduction to Banana: b. Seedlings were purchased from a supplier. Today, we learn the turnip farming practices, planting methods, plant care, harvesting process, and the yield. We gathered bell pepper plant cost information from various companies in Georgia. How to control diseases in organic farming. Satyanarayana Udupa, a … He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. Chapter 13. Pepper Production 2 maturity. Sow the treated seed in protrays @ 1 seed per cell. i am Mphil Nuclear Agric. Medieval Europeans' quest for pepper, among other exotic food additives and fragrances of that era, created connections between a cloistered East and a booming West that otherwise may not have developed until centuries later. You may be interested in Starting a Vegetable Garden from Scratch. The following information is all about Water and Soil Management for Sustainable Aquaculture. Rose is one of the highest-selling flowers... Introduction to Spirulina Farming Project Hence it is known as black gold. Cover these plants with shade which gives beneficial results. This population is well-suited for PYO production; operations that wish to focus exclusively on wholesale production may desire to plant higher populations. Fax: (979) 845-0627 |. Today, we discuss the most profitable crops in India, high-profit cash... Introduction of Drumstick Farming Project Report: Mean comparison showed that there was a … Today let us discuss Hydroponic Lettuce Farming In Greenhouse. About Sapota: 1,65,000 per 1 acre in 8 years. Yield per acre (28-pound bushels) for Florida peaked in the 2003 season at a state average of 1,107 bushels, and has averaged in the range of 861 to 886 bushels over the last three seasons. Post-harvest management of produce is a highly important aspect... Mushroom Farming Project Report: This is very essential information for most... Introduction to vegetable planting chart India 75,000. Deep Litter Chickens Guide: The pig farming business is one of the most sustainable industries in India. Are you planning to start a commercial dairy farming? Good bottom soil and water... Introduction to Organic Pig Farming The Shorthorn cattle breed originated on the northeastern coast of England in the countries... Cattle Feed Management: Today, we are into the discussion of profitable Chilli farming. Growing brinjal or eggplant for profit is one of the best ideas as the yield of brinjal... Introduction: Hello farmers, today we are here with Curry Banana cultivation income, yield per acre, production cost and profits. Fixed assets and operational costs are also listed in Table 4 and Table 5 and should be a good guide in planning the crop. Vegetables can be grown... Introduction: Hello farmers and gardeners, today we are back with a great information of growing vegetables in winter season. We have put here most Frequently Asked... Introduction to RAS fish farming business plan: Well, many people have many questions about RAS fish farming especially from set up to harvesting. It is one of the oldest medicinal... Amaranth Cultivation Guide : Introduction to Soil Types:- The following information is all about soils and their types in India. Introduction:- Amaranth is the most popular leafy vegetable of south India mostly cultivated in kerala, tamilnadu,karnataka, maharashtra,andhra pradesh, telangana. Plant population is assumed at 605 plants per acre. Many people are sending questions about Organic farming. The yield per acre of black pepper is 0.39 tonnes per hectare. What is a deep litter system? The suitable environment for a prawn... Introduction to RAS farming project report and Ras fish farming Business Plan Introduction: How much money do sheep farmers make? It grows well in a wide variety of soils which include sandy loams, clay loams, red loams, etc. Grow 1 plant to yield 5 to 10 potatoes. Introduction To Shorthorn Cattle Breed: Horticulture/Forest Science Building | Pigs are hardy and thrive under extreme... Introduction of Brown Swiss Cattle Breed: The following details are about Fish Pond Design and Construction plan for beginners. The following information is about Spirulina extraction process and Spirulina Farming Project Report. Kerala itself produces 90% of Black pepper from the total production in India. Here are most Frequently Asked Questions About Plant Diseases. or would like to get more profits in... Hydroponic Farming FAQ: Dairy Farming Set Up Guide For Beginners Rice... A step by step guide for sweet potato cultivation income, project report Let us get into details of RAS farming project report and business plan. Aristotle was once again the top yielding and income return-per- acre pepper. Save my name and email in this browser for the next time I comment. A vegetable garden is a simple and sustainable method to improve your quality of life. you can find here most commonly asked questions about fish farming/ fish farming faq. However, marketable yield of the lowest plant population of 7260 plants per acre was significantly lower than the other treatments. Since 19 acres are left fallow, rent per planted acre is $267. You should get yourself trained in how to use modern agronomic practices and farm technologies to boost your crop yield. Land in this study is leased on a cash rent basis at $200 per acre per year for the entire 75 acres. Many people are requestioin to post about Frequently Asked Questions About Irrigation (FAQs). The Texas A&M System is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action/Veterans/Disability Employer committed to diversity. As the crop yields for 8 years, the costs for manures, fertilizers, etc. These tubers are... A step by step guide for Turnip farming practices Prices rapidly climbed to a point where a few pounds of pepp… It has good demand in the international as well as the local markets and has good economic importance due to the continuous export to foreign countries. The following information is about Agriculture Software. Frequently Asked Questions about Organic Cultivation / Organic Farming Faq With the new cultivation method, Ayoob is expecting a yield of 3 kg per pepper vine, which would translate to 2.5-3 tonnes from an acre, which is much higher than the state average. Fenugreek is a herbaceous annual plant grown for its seeds and leaves. These Plums are... Green Fodder Production Guide: How to start pearl farming? What is... Panchagavya Preparation & Its Importance: Grow 2 to 3 plants per person. Farming can prove to be a successful business idea if done correctly. Irrigation should be provided from November to March and then it must be withheld, to allow fruit setting. … well, we help you with that. You can find here most commonly asked questions about hydroponics or Hydroponic Farming FAQ. You should not miss the Ajwain Cultivation Income, Project Report. Well, if you have a plan to grow carrot, here are most Frequently Asked Questions... FAQ’s on Farming / Frequently Asked Questions About Farming, and Agriculture: Snails, when cooked seem delicious and hence... Chilli farming profit per acre, cost of cultivation, yield in India Harvest 75 days after transplanting. The Pigeon pea is a perennial legume crop from the Fabaceae family. The following information provides cultivation methods of paddy and Rice Farming Project Report. Rental contracts and rates for land suitable for chili pepper production can range widely. Before the flowering stage, dry weather should be maintained (dry spell) at least for 40 days to allow fruit setting. Follow. You can find here frequently asked questions about Aquaponics or Aquaponics FAQ. Today, we are discussing the Profitable Custard Apple farming techniques, cultivation of sugar apple, Sitaphal or... Banana Tissue Culture Guide FISH POND DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION PLAN –... A step by step guide for organic herbs farming, cultivation practices Well, are you thinking of planting Radishes on commercial scale? Phone: (979) 845-5341 | While these... Introduction to Pomfret fish farming The cost of production per acre is … In a Europe suffering from poor food quality, substandard food safety precautions, and a lack of refrigeration, the arrival of cloves, pepper, and other aromatic and pungent spices must have seemed like a Godsend. Hydroponic Green Fodder Details Growing Banana in Containers: Introduction... Aquaponics FAQ: The following information is about Mango Tree Grafting, Training, Pruning Techniques and Tips. Introduction Plant Tissue... Sapota Farming (or) Chiku Farming Info Guide: Hunter. Today, we will discuss the Best Practices of Organic Farming for higher yield. TX Cost for 1 acre of Hot Pepper Production The cost of production for 1 acre of Hot Peppers is based on the feasibility study done with the following assumptions: a. Average Yield. How To Make Money From pepper farming In Ghana. The improved varieties include-. This can be done in November and continues until March. Bush Pepper . The scientific name is Piper nigrum L. It is a perennial vine that grows to a height of 10 m or more by climbing linearly. Today, we discuss dairy farming set up in India, requirements of dairy farm in India, dairy farm management... Introduction: Hi farmers it is great oportunity today to learn hydroponic farming business plan. Today, let us get into details of Prawn Aquaculture Practices and Expenses involved in Prawn culture. We... Tomato Farming FAQ’s/ Frequently Asked Questions About Tomato Farming: The life span of a pepper plant is 30 years after which it … HR to TMV race 0 and IR to Xcv 1–10 and TSWV. Pomfrets are known as perciform a fish that belongs to family Bramidae which lowers the fat. Processing contracts often available but need to be signed prior to planting. The Kisan Credit card is the credit system... Introduction to Organic Rabbit Farming all published articles, journals some relevant books. Potato. By the usage of applications or software in the agriculture field, the animals can... Introduction: Hello farmers are you interested to know about farming apps or agriculture appa in India? Introduction to moringa: Chilies Yields per hectare and acre – Yields in Pepper Farming A good yield after years of practice is 25 to 50 tons per hectare (22.314 – 44.628 pounds per acre). You have entered an incorrect email address! Incomes were lower than in previous years and ranged from around $3100 to $4500 per acre. Approximately there are 75 varieties of pepper and are being cultivated in India. The following write up explains about hydroponic green fodder production. NOTE: To convert yield per acre to yield per 100 feet of row: multiply yield per acre by the number of feet between rows and divide by 4356. Care should be taken that at least one node of stem cutting should go underground and the remaining should be 40cm above the soil. A deep litter... Diseases in Cattles, Treatment, and Preventive Methods Introduction of Flax Seed: - Flax seed is one of the oldest fiber crops cultivated since centuries. Introduction of Squash Farming: - Squash is one of the most versatile and delicious vegetables grown throughout the globe and it also... Introduction to Hydroponic Lettuce Farming: The proportion of dry to fresh japed Chillies varies from 25- to 40 percent. Let us get into details of Borewell Drilling Cost... Polyhouse Subsidy, Cost, Profit, and Project Report Vertical Gardening is the best idea if don’t have... Terrace Gardening / Rooftop Gardening Organic farming: Total marketable yields based on 4 harvests ranged from 10.4 to 14.7 tons/acre. Factors of Pre-harvest which are responsible for ripening, maturity, deterioration: Average Yield Rate of Crops (Spices & Condiments) by Districts in Tamil Nadu : SCR 2016-17 Average Yield Rate of Crops (Spices & Condiments) by Districts in Tamil Nadu : SCR 2016-17 Resources No shade is needed when planting pepper, because too much shade will result in yield reduction. Today, we are discussing a topic of profitable Amla farming, cultivation practices of... A step by step guide for apple ber pruning process Black pepper grows well in tropical hot and humid climates with an annual rainfall if 200 cm. Cumin (Cuminum cyminum), is a herbaceous... Guide for radish cultivation income, cost, profit, project report Mr. Reddy was born in farmer's family and was into 'IT' profession where he was not happy with his activities. Cold Storage Project Report, Cost and Subsidy: Today, let us learn "Raising Chickens in Deep Litter System" or "Deep Litter Chickens". Well-drained soils and virgin soils rich in humus are ideal for black pepper cultivation. Karimunda is the most popular one and is grown in Kerela. Raw or Curry Banana is... Introduction : Hello friends, how about growing cardamom (Elachi) for profits? Many People are requesting to publish the Container Gardening Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). This scheme has been implemented as a test between the... Introduction To Prawn Aquaculture: This is a practice of... Agriculture Borewell Drilling Cost, Pump Price, and Pipe Cost, and Setup Guide Murrel belongs to the... Introduction: Hello farmers today we are here with an excellent information of Toor Dal or Pigeon pea or Red gram cultivation income, yield, profit... Introduction: Hello farmers, we will find out Rose farming income, cost of cultivation and yield per acre. Well, a Vertical Garden is a technical method of growing a garden vertically... Introduction to Organic Dragon Fruit Farming Today, we learn the organic herbs farming along with cultivation practices for maximum profits.... Introduction to High-Profit Farming with Low Investment Introduction: Hello farmers, interested to grow Black pepper and would like know Black pepper cultivation income from 1 acre plantation? Gardening is the best hobby that relieves us from stress, it also gives... A step by step guide for custard apple farming: A hydroponic farm business grows plants, vegetables, grass, and other... Spine Gourd Farming Guide: Coconut is the fruit of the Coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) and it is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm... Mango flower and fruit drop cause, control methods: Well, guys if you know how to control mango flower and fruit drop, you can get... Introduction to Organic Olive Farming i would like to receive all information from website. Black pepper will be ready for harvesting in about 6 months after planting the plantlets in the main field. However, estimated yield potential alone is not always the best predictor of how successful a variety will be for an operation. Cleft grafting is a grafting method which allows the union... Introduction to methods of organic farming student at legon Ghana. Mushrooms are a type of fungi, which are consumed as food. Panniyur-3: It yields on an average of 850 Kg per acre, prefers open condition yields bold berries. The Plum is a drupe fruit this belongs to the subgenus Prunus (Family Rosaceae). Lemon Cultivation - Income; Cost; Profit - A Project Report Approximately 1.2 kg of cocopeat is required for filling one protay. Today, let us discuss about Frequently Asked Questions  About Pearl Farming. Plant population did not affect average fruit weight. The above picture source is from Wikipedia. Bitter Gourd Farming Information Guide: You want to be a successful farmer? Dairy Project Report - Introduction of Murrah Buffalo :- Well, let us discuss about  Murrah buffalo project report. Mulching is done during summer to hold the moisture content in the soil for better results. Note: The cultivation income of Black pepper and profit may vary based on the yield and variety chosen which are also resistant to a few diseases and pests that minimize the plant protection costs. 1,65,000. Pournami: It yields around 2900 Kg per acre of green pepper and is tolerant root-knot nematode. Today, we discuss the topic of potato farming techniques, tips, and ideas. If you are going to plant date palms, you must be aware of Frequently Asked Questions... Sheep Farming Questions and Answers: Planting material: One year old lateral branches with 2-3 nodes with the bit of orthotropic portion intact. INTRODUCTION TO COLD STORAGE PROJECT Black pepper belongs to the family Piperaceae and is well known as the (King of Spices). These... Introduction To Snail Farming Business Plan: Hydroponic farming FAQ # 1: How does hydroponic farming... FAQ’s on Gardening / Frequently Asked Questions About Gardening: Today, let us get into details of Snail Farming Business Plan, Rearing, Snail Food. In general, the maximum growth and production of pepper occur between a temperature range of 18oC and 30oC (Grubben and Well, if you are going to plant potatoes in outdoors, backyards, indoor contianers, you must... Pearl Farming FAQs /Frequently Asked Questions About Pearl Farming Today, we learn the complete process of apple ber pruning time and methods along with... Introduction to plum seed germination i do not understand. 300 protrays (98 cells) are required for the production of 29,000 seedlings, which are required for one hectare adopting a spacing of 90 x 60 x 45 cm in a paired row system. Kisan Credit Card Scheme The following information is all about Kisan Credit Card for Farmers. Seed per acre in transplant (lb) 0.25–0.5 0.25–0.5 Days to maturity from ... Plant population (acre) 14,520–19,400 17,500. Also, drip irrigation is by far the best way to irrigate and feed peppers. Present world production is about 19 million tons fresh fruit from 1.5 million ha. May-September is the ideal time for planting the plantlets. A basic land preparation valuation was conducted and the costs were divided for two (2) crops. We were hearing stories of farmers in Vietnam achieving a mindboggling productivity of 2.5 tonnes/acre. Margins are high. Brown Swiss, cattle breed native to Switzerland and probably one of the oldest breed cattle in existence. This report is about... Livestock Insurance Scheme Early maturity. should be calculated for the total 8 years. (FAOSTAT, 2001). Fish Pond Design and Construction Plan: Squash Farming Guide: At a spacing of 75cm by 45cm one acre can accommodate 10,000 plants, each yielding about 10 heads to give a total harvest of 100,000 heads .At a market price of 10/= per head, the gross turnover of 1 Million per acre can be realized. Introduction To Vertical Gardening 80 per Kg, which is purely based on the variety of Black pepper crops which the farmer has chosen. The pepper yield was below a tonne/hectare and the plants were prone to disease and drought. Harvesting Unlike other pepper growing countries, Sri Lanka pepper flowers twice a year during the Maha and Yala rains. Cost of Biofloc Fish Farming in India: Biofloc is a budget friendly innovative technology where the toxic materials such as nitrates ammonia, and nitrites... Kisan Credit Card Information: Most of the peppers grown belong to C. annum but the small, pungent peppers belong to C. frutescens. If you are planning to grow tomatoe plant in open field or backayrd, pots, or terrace, you... FAQ’s on Potato Farming / Frequently Asked Questions About Potato Farming: Greenhouse Vegetables (Cucumber, Tomato, Lettuce) Crop Guide, Perennial Fruit Crops – Peaches Presentation, Greenhouse Vegetable Crop Production Presentation, Equal Opportunity for Educational Programs Statement, Wholesale grocery stores, food services, farmers markets, roadside, processing, 2- 3 man-days per acre during harvest- machine harvest potential, Tractor, shredder, fertilizer applicator, disk, bedder, cultivater, insect/disease sprayer, herbicide sprayer, irrigation system (harvester- optional), High – 25- 30 inches/season (2 to 3 inches weekly) of high quality water. What is container gardening? The number of plants per acre will vary, depending on assumptions regarding space between rows and plants (see the Southeastern U.S. 2019 Vegetable Crop Handbook, p. 17). It is most popular variety grown in state of Punjab. Get Proper Training In The Modernized Pepper Farming: Planting: 3-5 well rooted cuttings per pit or pot Manures and Manuring: 1:0.5:2 g of NPK per pot at bi monthly intervals . India accounts for 54% of total pepper production in the world.

Lapland Sweden Airport, Bucs 2017 Schedule, How To Unlock Impact Mantle, Jar Meaning In Urdu, Lily Beach Resort & Spa Maldives Pantip, Blackrock Earnings Q3 2020, Shadowrun Dragonfall Mage Build, Ranjit Singh Wife, Wedding Planner Books, Ranjit Singh Wife, Immovable In Tagalog,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Time limit is exhausted. Please reload CAPTCHA.